There are many types of orthopedic issues that are not specific to any one area of your body. Instead, you might experience some conditions in any or all parts of your body. The surgeons at Long Beach Orthopedic Center are experienced in treating these types of conditions.
- Arthritis – There is more than one type of arthritis, like osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. This condition is characterized by inflammation of the joints, and both wear and tear on cartilage and inflammatory issues can contribute to it. Symptoms of arthritis typically involve pain and stiffness in the affected area. Non-surgical treatments include anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, and exercises. Sometimes, surgery is utilized to realign the joints, remove damaged joint lining, or replace the affected joint.
- Muscular dystrophy – Muscular dystrophy is a loss of muscle mass caused by a group of diseases. This condition consists of more than one type that can surface at varying points throughout life. Symptoms of muscular dystrophy can depend on the type that is experienced, but often include frequent falls, muscle pain and stiffness, trouble running, and the eventual loss of walking ability. There is no cure for this condition, but physical therapy, exercises, braces, and mobility aids can be used to manage the symptoms.
- Nerve compression syndrome – This can develop in any many different parts of the body and is characterized by too much pressure on a single nerve. The symptoms can include pain, muscle weakness, tingling, and numbness. The first treatment approach usually involves managing the underlying cause. For example, if excess weight is resulting in too much pressure, weight loss may be necessary. Surgery is sometimes utilized to relieve pressure.
- Nonunion/malunion – Nonunion is characterized by bones in a fracture that have failed to heal at all, while malunion is characterized by bones in a fracture failing to line up properly. Factors that can contribute to this condition include trauma to the area, smoking, diabetes, infections, and lack of stability or blood flow to the area during the healing stage. Symptoms of nonunion and malunion include visual deformity, swelling, pain, and tenderness. To treat these conditions, surgery is performed to cut the bone at or near the fracture site and then holding it in place with rods, plates, or pins.
- Osteoporosis – Osteoporosis is bone loss, and it causes bones to be brittle and weak, which contributes to fractures. Even though anyone can develop osteoporosis, risk factors like lack of calcium can contribute to it. Later symptoms of osteoporosis include stooped posture, back pain, loss of height, and fractures that occur easily. Treatments of osteoporosis include medications, supplements, and exercises designed to slow bone loss.
- Repetitive stress injuries – There is a wide range of repetitive stress injuries, which include conditions like carpal tunnel syndrome, bursitis, and tendonitis. Working on a computer, doing construction or any other type of repetitive movements can lead to this type of injury. Symptoms can include weakness, tingling, pain, numbness, and stiffness. Non-surgical treatments include rest, medications, splints, icing, and elevation. In some cases, surgery is performed to repair the area.
- Soft tissue and bone tumors – There are about 50 different types of soft tissue and bone tumors, which can develop in places like fat, nerves, muscles, and blood vessels. They can be benign or malignant and are treated much like other types of tumors—with radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery.