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Feet Ankles Long Beach Orthopedic Center 1 - Feet & AnklesIf you experience foot and ankle pain, you probably already know that just going about your day can be painful. The surgeons at Long Beach Orthopedic Center work to make sure that you can receive the treatment necessary to resume your regular activities.

Some of the most common foot and ankle conditions that we see are:

  • Sprains – An ankle sprain is a very common orthopedic injury. It can occur easily when your foot twists or rolls in an unusual way. Sprains can surface in a range of different varieties and grades. While a severe sprain might involve complete tearing of the ligament fibers, a minor sprain can involve a small amount of stretching. Any degree of sprain can involve pain, tenderness, and swelling. Non-surgical treatments for ankle sprains are icing, compression, physical therapy, and rest. In some cases, surgery is needed to repair the torn ligament.
  • Metartarsalgia – Most common in runners and patients who wear shoes that are too small, metartarsalgia is characterized by painful inflammation in the ball of the foot. In addition to the painful inflammation, other symptoms include tingling and numbness in the toes and pain that improves with rest. Treatments include icing, shoe inserts, rest, and arch supports.
  • Achilles tendonitis – A painful condition that results in pain and stiffness near the heel, Achilles tendonitis is the result of an inflamed Achilles tendon (the tendon responsible for helping you to walk). Repetitive movements and overuse are often to blame for Achilles tendonitis. Non-surgical treatments involve physical therapy, injections, custom foot orthotics, rest, icing, and anti-inflammatory medications.
  • Feet Ankles Long Beach Orthopedic Center 2 - Feet & AnklesPlantar fasciitis – This condition is the most frequent cause of heel pain. It occurs when the plantar fascia, a band of tissue supporting the arch, becomes inflamed. Common symptoms include pain that worsens when waking up in the morning or pain that gets worse with physical activity. Non-surgical treatments can be very effective and include stretches, night splints, custom orthotics, rest, ice, and anti-inflammatory medication.
  • Diabetic ulcers – Approximately 15% of all diabetics will experience a diabetic foot ulcer in their lifetime. Due to factors like peripheral neuropathy, poor circulation, trauma, or mechanical changes to the foot, a diabetic ulcer may cause redness, swelling, and drainage into your socks. Treatment may be provided in several forms, such as medication, debridement, redistributing pressure, or even surgery to remove pressure in the area.
  • Flat feet – Fallen arches, also referred to as flat feet, are typically present at birth–but it is possible for the arches to fall following an injury. Many patients with flat feet never experience any pain or other symptoms, but some individuals experience pain or swelling in the heel or arch. Non-surgical treatments include arch supports and custom orthotics. In more severe cases, surgery is needed to reconstruct the foot.
  • Feet Ankles Long Beach Orthopedic Center 3 - Feet & AnklesHigh arches – High arches are also referred to as cavus foot or pes cavus. This condition is typically caused by an underlying neurological disorder–most commonly cerebral palsy. Symptoms of high arches include instability and pain due to the extra weight placed on the heel. Hammertoes and calluses can also be present with high arches. Non-surgical treatments for the condition include shoe modifications, custom orthotics, and bracing.
  • Turf toe – A sprain in the big toe (resulting from excessive bending upward during physical activity) is known as turf toe. Symptoms will likely include swelling and limited movement. The R.I.C.E. method of treatment (rest, ice, compression, elevation) may be used as treatment. In some extreme cases, the option of surgery may need to be explored.
  • Chronic ankle instability – If you experience a sprained ankle that does not fully heal, chronic ankle instability can result. In addition to pain and tenderness, chronic ankle instability is usually also characterized by the ankle turning regularly on even surfaces or during activity. Non-surgical treatments for chronic ankle instability include bracing, medications, and physical therapy. Surgery may be used to repair the ligaments.
  • Feet Ankles Long Beach Orthopedic Center 4 - Feet & AnklesBroken toes – There are a total of 19 bones found in the adult foot. Anything from stubbing your toe to excessive impact during physical activity can cause a fracture or break. Generally, pain (to the touch or while moving) and swelling are common symptoms. Immobilization, taping, splinting, and rest may be utilized as treatment methods.
  • Foot arthritis – Foot arthritis, or inflammation of the joints, can be caused by injuries or by general aging. Stiffness, swelling, and pain are typical symptoms of arthritis. Non-surgical treatments for foot arthritis include steroid injections, physical therapy, bracing, orthotic devices, and medications. In some cases, surgery is needed in order to restore function.
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome – If the posterior nerve is compressed, it can cause tarsal tunnel syndrome. With this condition, many patients experience numbness, tingling, and shooting pain. Treatment can be as simple as orthotics or oral medications, but can also require immobilization, injections, or even surgery.
  • Feet Ankles Long Beach Orthopedic Center 5 - Feet & AnklesStress fracture – A fracture can be very small in size, even as small as the width of a strand of hair. These fractures are known as stress fractures and are caused by foot deformities, overuse, and improperly fitted shoes. Without treatment such as immobilization or rest, a stress fracture could potentially become much worse. In some instances, surgery is needed in order to stabilize the stress fracture.
  • Tarsal coalition – An abnormal connection between the tarsal bones of the foot is defined as tarsal coalition. Fibrous tissue, bone, and cartilage can make up this abnormal connection. Many times, this is caused before birth, however, injury and infection may also be a contributing factor. You may experience fatigued legs, stiffness, limited mobility, or pain with this condition. Tarsal coalition may be treated with injections or medications, physical therapy, orthotics, and surgery.
  • Hammertoes – Resulting in inflammation, redness, pain, corns, and calluses, hammertoe is aggravated by tight shoes and typically caused by muscle and tendon imbalance. Non-surgical treatments of hammertoes include splinting, shoe modifications, splinting, and medications. In some cases, surgery is necessary to correct hammertoes.
  • Athlete’s foot – Athlete’s foot is an infection that is caused by fungus. Dryness, blisters, inflammation, cracks, itch, and scaling skin are all symptoms of the condition. Anti-fungal creams, sprays, and powders are often used to treat athlete’s foot.
  • Morton’s neuroma – Morton’s neuroma, the thickening of the foot’s nerve tissue, can be caused by anything compressing the nerve, like wearing shoes that are too tight or running frequently. You may notice symptoms like tingling, pain, or the sensation as if you are stepping on a small stone. Surgery may be an option in certain cases, but padding, icing, orthotics, medications, or shoe modifications are often sufficient as treatment.
  • Bunions – Caused by improper foot mechanics and tightly fitting shoes, bunions are bony bumps located on the side of the foot near the big toe. Additional symptoms include inflammation, discomfort, pain, numbness, and burning. Non-surgical treatments include orthotics, padding, and medications. Sometimes, surgery is needed to remove to bump.
  • Peripheral neuropathy – Peripheral neuropathy is characterized by nerve damage that is related to diabetes. Symptoms of the condition include muscle weakness, tingling, loss of balance, numbness, and pain in the legs and feet, depending on which nerves are affected. Blood sugar control is the most important aspect of treating peripheral neuropathy. Your orthopedic doctor will be able to help you manage the associated symptoms.
  • Gout – Gout is most often present in patients who have family with the condition, but it is also found in conjunction with diabetes, stress, and obesity. Gout is the excessive buildup of uric acid in joints and tissues, often in the big toe. Attacks may occur suddenly, mainly during the night, and be very painful. Drinking lots of liquids, restricting certain food, or taking medications can effectively treat gout.